The following documents contain outdated plans to apply to the EC for funding of the EAHW project, but may still be useful as background information to our current proposals (see above).
They also contain an interactive form that can be used to express your interest in becoming a partner in the project. Your comments are much appreciated and a log of them will be kept at the bottom of this page.

Draft application to the RAPHAEL programme

RAPHAEL: EC action programme for the cultural heritage (COM(95) 110 final)

By Martijn van Leusen, University of Birmingham (p.m.van-leusen@bham.ac.uk)
and Sara Champion, University of Southampton (s.t.champion@soton.ac.uk)

Version 0.2 dd 14/02/96


Summary

This proposal aims to establish a communication and information framework for Europe's professional archaeological community, that allows the goals of the RAPHAEL programme, of encouraging and supplementing member states' actions in the field of cultural heritage, to be efficiently and effectively pursued. It will draw together, focus, and develop existing and proposed EC and Member state activities in the field of the archaeological heritage by setting up, piloting and maintaining a range of information services geared to the target user groups. It will be implemented in a cost effective manner as a distributed network of services presenting a united interface to the user, and requiring low setting up and maintenance costs.

Introduction

The archaeological heritage is an important part of Europe's cultural heritage. It encompasses both visible and invisible, movable and immovable, spectacular and inconspicuous remains of Europe's distant and more recent past. It has the power of drawing communities together by bearing witness to their common past, and to their deep and abiding roots within the contemporary landscape.
The study and management of the archaeological heritage, and the conveying of its significance to the general public, has always been a supra-national activity but the possibilities for international cooperation in this field were limited by a lack of adequate funding. Now, however, this situation has changed through both the active role taken by Member states in highlighting the importance of preserving the archaeological heritage and of informing the public about it, through such documents as the revised Convention on the Preservation of the Archaeological Heritage, 1992 (Convention of Malta), and through the growth of a powerful but user friendly communication infrastructure - the Internet.
Together, these provide both the impetus and the means to start building a communication and information framework that will allow and promote close cooperation between professionals involved in the field, that will serve as a store of relevant data and knowledge, and that will provide the public with easy and attractive means of accessing their past.

The EAHW Proposal

Brief Outline
The European Archaeological Heritage Web will serve the professional archaeological community of Europe, from governmental to museum-based to academic to commercial, with a series of managed tools that will improve the quality of their work by providing a full range of information and communication services. These services are aimed at fulfilling the objectives of the RAPHAEL programme in as efficient a way as possible, using a minimum of central resources by implementing the proposal as a distributed network and using standard freeware IT tools. A pilot-and evaluation approach will be used to ensure all services offer high quality, ease-of-use and dependability to both the professional and the general end user.
Basic Services
It is envisaged that the EAHW will provide a range of basic information and communication services accessible via the Internet: The EAHW proposal further envisages that pilot projects be set up in all these areas. The proposers are currently running a pilot information service for European archaeology (Archaeological Resource Guide for Europe - click
here to have a look) which has proved highly successful, providing access to several hundred information sources from 25 countries and spawning similar initiatives at the national level, and has highlighted a number of technical and organisational challenges. On the basis of these pilots, the target user groups of professional archaeologists will be responsible for deciding how EAHW services can best be used for the purpose of fostering their work.
Implementation
The EAHW project will run 3 years from its inception. It will be implemented as a 'virtual centre of expertise', the physical presence of which may be located anywhere in Europe, but will present the appearance of a central service to the users. It will make use of current information technology standards in the public domain (SGML) to be able to react flexibly to ongoing developments in the IT area, avoiding permanent ties to, and dependence on, any hardware or software supplier.
Partners in the proposal will 'adopt' specific services, whether these be technical (server sites), managerial (list services), or expert (serving information and advice on a particular subject), and will be responsible for the running of pilot schemes for these services.
A workshop bringing together professionals from all areas of the archaeological heritage will be organised early on, at which working groups will be established to define the exact scope of the services and pilots to be established, to study the technical and organisational issues involved, and to oversee their subsequent implementation according to the highest standards.
An EAHW secretariat will be established for the daily management of the project, and a team of system managers, service managers, and SGML editors will implement the recommendations of the working groups and manage EAHW services.
Pilot schemes will be evaluated after one year both by analysing the actual use that is being made of them, by building in feedback loops that allow users to comment on the services, and by organising a second workshop at which changes to the EAHW programme will be proposed and evaluated. The results of this evaluation round will be implemented during the second year of the project.
Most of the efforts of the EAHW project in year 3 will be directed at improving access to its services to user groups that do not have the full range of Internet services at their disposal, because of their geographical, cultural, linguistic, financial or other isolation.
RAPHAEL Programme Objectives
In terms of the objectives and activities defined in the Raphael programme, the EAHW will provide:

Partners

Due to the nature of the proposal partners are sought not just from the ranks of academic archaeology, but from all types of organisations involved in the archaeological heritage - government, private, amateur, museums - and from the telecommunications and Information Technology community. Among the interests already expressed by potential partners are the maintenance of server sites at a national level (
Italy, Greece), collaboration with current or proposed initiatives in the same field (MONUMIS, SOCRATES,...), development and implementation of data standards, and research into the storage and communication techniques needed for the efficient distribution of archaeological data and images.
If you or your organisation is interested in becoming a partner in the EAHW Project, the quickest way to get involved is to fill in our Expression of interest form, giving details of your organisation, of the role you would like to play as a partner in the EAHW Project, and of the type of matching funding that your organisation might be able to provide.

Economic Benefits

Economic benefits will flow from the establishment of the EAHW in three different areas: in improvements to the efficiency of the planning and execution of building projects, in the promotion of sustainable tourism to and within economically weak areas, and in greater efficiency and economies of scale in the running of professional archaeology.
Planning and Executing Building Work
The already important role of archaeological research during the planning stages of any building project will become even more so when the Malta Convention is ratified and implemented by Member states. As builders will become directly responsible for funding the archaeological research and salvage necessitated by their plans, planners will need to be able to defend and explain their decisions to them and to society as a whole. The economic significance to planners and builders of having expert and up-to- date information about the impact their projects will have on the archaeological heritage can be illustrated by the fact that the cost of research is often enough to undo the economic advantage of the project.
Improved communications and information between all parties involved in the planning process, including the sharing of experience with colleagues in other countries, will reduce the risk to both heritage managers and developers of making costly mistakes, and the attendant effect of directing building efforts away from sensitive areas can keep the cost to society of safeguarding Europe's archaeological heritage within reason.
Tourism
Broadly speaking, the state of preservation of the archaeological heritage will be best in those areas that have seen least agricultural development since the 1950s. It is therefore just in these areas that the potential for sustainable tourism to exposed parts of the heritage is greatest. By promoting knowledge and up-to-date information about the archaeological heritage, these areas can become the target of specific, carefully designed projects developing or enhancing their touristic attraction and bringing new jobs.
Improved professional standards
Just as the quality of archaeological research can only benefit from a communication and information infrastructure that puts colleagues, libraries, databases etcetera at ones fingertips, so the 'pooling' of expertise in all areas of management and presentation of the archaeological heritage in one virtual location will undoubtedly serve to avoid duplication and waste, and promote standardisation and cooperation. These benefits translate directly into economic advantages.

Costs

At this early stage it is not possible to give a good estimate of the costs involved in the setting up and running of the EAHW. However, given the great interest already shown by potential partners in taking on specific actions within the EAHW proposal, and the generally low costs of providing Internet services, we are led to believe that minor costs will be incurred after the project passes the evaluation stage at the end of year 2.
Setting up costs for the EAHW would certainly involve the purchase of at least one server site, its attendant software installation and management for the duration of the project, and three full-time staff for the design, implementation, and management of EAHW services and pilot schemes. Staff time would be needed too for the management of the project as a whole. Costs would also be incurred from running the two workshops mentioned above, and for travel and presentations.

Comment and discussion log

Expressions of interest received from:
CILEA (IT), the Open University (UK), the University of Milan (IT).

Expressions of interest received from:

Legalname:     Consorzio Interuniversitario Lombardo per l'Elaborazione 
		Automatica
Department:    ASI
Orgtype:       Research
Orgsize:       60
Orgaddress:    Via Raffaello Sanzio 4
Postcode:      20090
City:          SEGRATE
Country:       IT
Name:          Giovanni Meloni
Position:      manager
Phone:         39-2-26922434
Fax:           39-2-2135520
Email:         meloni@cilea.it
Expertise:     multimedia, data-base, hypertext, image, processing, GIS, 
		networking, teleconferencing, file-serving, information, 
		retrieval, archeometry, archaelogy
interest:
ARGE
CILEA could provide libraries of digital informations for Italy on servers 
on the network. Also could be available virtual libraries as the "AMBER 
VIRTUAL LiBRARY". Presently cooperations are with Prof. Nuccia Negroni 
Catacchio and Prof. Francovich.

RAPID
CILEA can provide space both on disk and on online tape storage devices 
from wich data can be unloaded (about 700 GBytes).  We are working, for 
instance, to become in the next day mirror site of a medical digital 
visual library of about 60 GBytes.

FARE
CILEA presently has a SUN workstation with MBONE software used for 
teleconferencing purposes.  CILEA could be a point for such activities.

ICETEA
CILEA can develope, organize and make available cooperating with the 
italian archaeological community teaching modules.

Matching:      Yes

Legalname:     The Open University
Department:    Classical Studies
Orgtype:       Education
Orgsize:       big
Orgaddress:    Walton Hall
Milton Keynes
UK
Name:          Phil Perkins
Position:      Lecturer
Phone:         01908 655756
Email:         p.perkins@open.ac.uk
Expertise:     CAL, Distance learning, multimedia design & production, 
		Mediterranean Archaeology, GIS Ceramics etc.
interest:      development of multimedia training / informational materials
Matching:      No

Legalname:     UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO 

Department:    ISTITUTO DI ARCHEOLOGIA
Orgtype:       Research
Orgsize:       8
Orgaddress:    VIA FESTA DEL PERDONO, 7
Postcode:      20122
City:          MILANO
Country:       IT
Name:          NUCCIA NEGRONI CATACCHIO
Position:      RICERCATORE
Phone:         39-2-58352780
Fax:           39-2-58304482
Email:         GROPPO@IMICILEA.CILEA.IT
Expertise:     PREHISTORY - PROTOHISTORY
		EXCAVATION AND SURVEY METHODOLOGY
		GIS AND LANDSCAPE ARCAEOLOGY
		STUDY ON AMBER IN ARCHAEOLOGY
		VIRTUAL MUSEUM
		VIRTUAL LIBRARY
		MULTIMEDIA DATABASE (AS AMBER WEB)

interest:      ARGE
		We could provide informations and data about our expertise in 
		collaboration with CILEA and the others italian partners
		We also could create design of multilingual Web pages and 
		backward-compatible HTML.
		RAPID
		We could provide informations and data about our expertise in 
		collaboration with CILEA and the others italian partners
		for papers and archaeological preprints and databases.
		FARE
		We could promove discussion groups for academic archaeologists.
		ICETEA
		We could provide a remote interactive teaching service about 
		our expertise.
		HERMAN
		We could partecipate in the presentation of the European 
		archaeological heritage and development of "virtual site visits"

Matching:      Yes